عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
This review attempts to reflect the history and importance of soil biology and the biological properties of soils in Iran. This paper also aims to extensively evaluate the biological characteristics of soil with respect to some features of soils, climate and vegetation. Then, the biological properties of the dominant soils in Iran are mentioned. Research findings about the possibility of using the soil biological potentials in agriculture, especially production and commercialization of technological knowledge of bio-fertilizers are discussed. Furthermore, the list and characteristics of useful soil microorganisms that exist in the country in a form of “Microbial Bank” are mentioned. Finally, the potentials and capacities of production and consumption of bio-fertilizers, the priorities and challenges encountered in the field of soil biology in the country are discussed.